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Raymond shaw landscape design &, gardening
Raymond Shaw Landscape Design &, Gardening (also called Raymond Shaw) is an American landscape designer and gardening writer, who was influential in California's nursery trade. He is a recipient of the AISG Award of Excellence, a member of the AISG Council, and was a fellow of the American Society of Landscape Designers (ASLD). His landscape design philosophy, based on his own work, was called "the Raymond Shaw Way" and was the first modern-style landscape design.
The Raymond Shaw Way
The Raymond Shaw Way is the name given to a design philosophy for landscaping. Raymond Shaw designed landscapes to reflect the naturalistic and organic nature of California's climate and environment. He was influenced by the writings of Henry David Thoreau. He is said to be the first landscape designer to use the philosophy of organic landscaping in California, and is the principal author of "The Raymond Shaw Way," which was published in 1969 by the Horticultural Institute.
The Raymond Shaw Way is based on a "principles-based" approach to landscape design, rather than the traditional design practices, which were based on a "fungible design" approach to landscape planning. Fungible landscaping was based on soil analysis and soil tests, and the design was often dictated by the topography.
Shaw was one of the first landscape architects to apply the concepts of ecological restoration in landscaping. He was also the first in California to integrate design planning and landscape architecture. Raymond Shaw was one of the first landscape designers to create "environments" for his clients, rather than "site" work. By his definition of an "environment," Shaw referred to a system that included the natural habitat and other elements. This practice was referred to as "site planning," which he pioneered in California. The practice of "environmental" landscape planning is now widely used in California, and Shaw's theory and practice are widely acknowledged and studied in landscape architecture.
The Raymond Shaw Way
The Raymond Shaw Way is a philosophy of landscape design based on the work of Raymond Shaw. Shaw was known for his use of the English landscape garden as a model for landscape design in California.
Shaw's landscape philosophy is based on three fundamental concepts.
"An Environment Is Everything but the Land": Shaw saw an environment as much more than a combination of site features and landscape design. It is a physical and social system that includes all the elements in a given landscape, and all of the relationships within and between them. An environment is not just the site landscape, but is everything that is part of a given area of land. An environment is a living entity that needs to be cared for and protected.
"A Landscape Is the System": Shaw saw landscape design as not just about the creation of unique "sites," but also as a process of creating new systems of living and non-living relationships. Design is the process of building new, coherent, living ecosystems.
"A Sustainable Landscape Is a Living Landscape": Shaw identified four principles as essential to a sustainable landscape: (1) a healthy balance of nature, (2) use of landscape design to help nature rather than to replace it, (3) use of the land, its water, and its people to create a sustainable environment, and (4) the use of nature as an essential factor in both the design and maintenance of landscapes.
The Raymond Shaw Way is not a specific style of landscape design, but rather a style of thought and perception. That is, a design that is informed by the Shaw way, but may not necessarily be true to it. The way is about using the natural environment as the primary framework for all design and construction decisions in order to create a sustainable landscape. Shaw emphasized the interaction between nature and people, recognizing that the two are inseparable.
Shaw was also known for developing the landscape planning concept of the "landscape frame."
"There are three kinds of architecture, each representing a stage of man's development... the architect builds his city, the sculptor his garden, the landscape architect his environment. What we are concerned with here is the garden".
Gardens, landscapes, and gardens are three closely related terms. They are used interchangeably. A landscape refers to the entirety of the natural or built environment, from the surrounding countryside to the cityscape, from the small private garden to the grand, public parks and green spaces.Bir bağ, insanlar üçün məkan üçün yerdən zövq almaq üçün bitkilərin və digər xüsusiyyətlərin qurulduğu və / və ya becərildiyi mənzərənin bir hissəsidir. Bir bağ bağçadır, amma bir mənzərə bir bağ deyil.
Ətraf mühit tarixinin qrafiki
Amerika Mənzərə memarları Cəmiyyəti
Avstraliya Landşaft memarları Cəmiyyəti
Britaniya Memarları Royal İnstitutu (Riba)
Kateqoriya: Davamlı bina
Kateqoriya: Memarlıq dizaynı
Kateqoriya: Landşaft memarlığı
Kateqoriya: Memarlıq peşələri
Kateqoriya: Davamlı abadlıq